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The OpenIndiana repositories at the time of this writing include Tomcat 6, but not Tomcat 7. It may be available as a package in other repositories that I don't know about, but I didn't really look because I wanted to use the same version of Tomcat 7, from the exact same zip file, that I use when developing our web applications.

This page uses Tomcat version 7.0.28. Your version will more than likely vary. Please adjust your paths accordingly.

1.) Download Tomcat 7 from the Apache Tomcat website: I took the very first item, under Core, which gave me

2.) Tomcat 6, from the package included in the OpenIndiana repository, splits the files into two directories. I mimic this, so make the following directories:

# mkdir /usr/tomcat7
# mkdir /var/tomcat7

3.) Copy your zip file to /usr/tomcat, and unpack it. I used a GUI, so no CLI for this. Sorry.

# cp /usr/tomcat7/
# cd /usr/tomcat7
# unzip

That left me with a directory structure of "/usr/tomcat7/apache-tomcat-7.0.28".

4.) Leave bin, lib, and all the miscellaneous loose files where they are. Move everything else to /var/tomcat7.

# cd /usr/tomcat7/apache-tomcat-7.0.28

# mv conf /var/tomcat7/
# mv logs /var/tomcat7/
# mv temp /var/tomcat7/
# mv webapps /var/tomcat7/
# mv work /var/tomcat7/

5.)  Create the catalina.out log file:

# touch /var/tomcat7/logs/catalina.out

6.) Change the ownership of the files to mimic Tomcat 6.

File permissions has always been a weak area for me, no matter how much I read about them. This seemed to work for me:

# chown -R root:bin /usr/tomcat7
# chown root:bin /var/tomcat7

"cd" into your /var/tomcat7 directory.

# cd /var/tomcat7
# chown -R webservd:webservd *

# chmod 40755 logs
# chmod 40755 temp

"cd" into your bin directory. Make everything executable:

# cd /usr/tomcat7/apache-tomcat-7.0.28/bin
# chmod +x *

7.) Below is the method file that I modified from Tomcat 6 to work for Tomcat 7. Put it in /lib/svc/method, and make it executable.


# chmod +x /lib/svc/method/http-tomcat7

8.) If you are using a different version than 7.0.28, go into that method file and change your CLASSPATH accordingly.

9.) Below is the manifest file that I modified from Tomcat 6 to work for Tomcat 7. Put it in /lib/svc/manifest/network.


10.) Import the service manifest file:

# svccfg import /lib/svc/manifest/network/http-tomcat7.xml

11.) Try to start the service:

# svcadm enable tomcat7

12.) Verify and/or troubleshoot it with:

# svcs -xv tomcat7

13.) Open a web browser, and type in "http://localhost:8080/" and press [Enter]. You should see the Tomcat 7 welcome page.

14.) Configure and secure your server as needed.

Note: If you are going to set up SSL in your Tomcat installation, you will need to define port 8443 (or whatever else you choose) in your /etc/services file:

https-alt 8443/tcp webcache # HTTPS Alternate, webcache
https-alt 8443/udp

If you would like to do this at the command line, you can do it like this:

# echo 'https-alt 8443/tcp webcache # HTTPS Alternate, webcache' >> /etc/services
# echo 'https-alt 8443/udp' >> /etc/services

I hope it helps!


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