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  • 4.4 Localization
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  • System localization*
    A locale determines language and encoding for system and programs' messages, representation of dates and so on.
    OpenIndiana stores default (system) locale settings in /etc/default/init file. So, if you want to change them after install, you should edit this file and reboot your system.
    To ensure that a desired locale is present on your system, you can use locale command.
    $ locale -a 
    C
    POSIX
    en_AU
    en_AU.ISO8859-1
    en_AU.UTF-8
    en_CA
    en_CA.ISO8859-1
    en_CA.UTF-8
    en_GB
    en_GB.ISO8859-1
    en_GB.ISO8859-15
    en_GB.ISO8859-15@euro
    en_GB.UTF-8
    en_IE
    en_IE.ISO8859-1
    en_IE.ISO8859-15
    en_IE.ISO8859-15@euro
    en_IE.UTF-8
    en_MT.UTF-8
    en_NZ
    en_NZ.ISO8859-1
    en_NZ.UTF-8
    en_US
    en_US.ISO8859-1
    en_US.ISO8859-15
    en_US.ISO8859-15@euro
    en_US.UTF-8
    .....
    

If the desired locale is not present, you should install it. For example, to install Russian locale from package repository, use the following command
# pkg install system/locale/support/russian

For example, to set Russian locale and Moscow timezone, you should set the following variables in /etc/default/init fle:

TZ=Europe/Moscow
LC_COLLATE=ru_RU.UTF-8
LC_CTYPE=ru_RU.UTF-8
LC_MESSAGES=C
LC_MONETARY=ru_RU.UTF-8
LC_NUMERIC=ru_RU.UTF-8
LC_TIME=ru_RU.UTF-8

Here C_COLLATE determines text sorting order,
LC_CTYPE determines character classification, for example this setting is necessary for tolower (3C) to work correctly,
LC_MESSAGES determines language for system messages (usually you don't want to change it - it is important to read them even if your environment is mangled in any way),
LC_MONETARY determines currency symbols and name,
LC_NUMERIC determines representation of numeric data (for example, use "." or "," as decimal separator),
LC_TIME determines date and time representation and settings (e.g., first day of the week),
TZ determines current timezone.

To set TZ variable you can use tzselect program.
It will ask you questions about your region, country and time zone and output detailed information about selected timezone, including suitable TZ value (for example, Europe/Moscow), which you can substitute in /etc/default/init file.

  • GDM localization *
    GDM (Gnome Display Manager) is a default graphical display manager in OpenIndiana. Usually it will use system locale and allow user to chose any locale, available in the operating system. Sometimes you wish to customize this list, in particular, specify default locale and present user only a short list of available languages. It may be useful when you are not sure in the quality of different locales and want to make available for users only locales which were thoroughly tested with your applications.
    User configuration file for GDM is /etc/X11/gdm/custom.conf. It is a "ini" file with several sections. Login screen configuration is contained in greeter section. Sample is provided below.
    [greeter]
    ShowGnomeFailsafeSession=false
    ShowXtermFailsafeSession=false
    ShowLastSession=false
    DefaultLocale=ru_RU.UTF-8
    LocaleFile=/etc/X11/gdm/locale.alias
    UseInvisibleInEntry=true
    

Here we eliminate unnecessary for an end user sessions from gdm's list (failsafe sessions, last session) and can specify default locale. Also we can provide path to locale.alias file. Here we provide our own file, which is a cut down version of standard file (can be found in /usr/share/gdm/locale.aliases). We can remove from this file unnecessary locales and GDM will not propose them to the end user.

Russian                 ru_RU.UTF-8
English                 C
English1                POSIX
English(USA)            en_US.UTF-8,en_US
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