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Installing OpenIndiana

You need a PC (32 or 64-bit) with at least 512 megabytes of RAM, and 3 gigabytes of available disk space. You can also use virtual machine software such as VirtualBox or VMware.

  • Download the OpenIndiana installer image from or from one of our mirrors and write it to a DVD or USB stick.

    To create a live USB in Windows, use the OpenSolaris Live USB Creator to create a live USB.
    To create a live USB in Solaris or OpenSolaris, use usbcopy.
    To create a live USB on a Unix-like system or a Mac, download the image for dd or read to use the standard live USB.

  • Boot your computer with the medium inserted. You may have to change the boot device order in your BIOS configuration.
  • When you see a menu, press Enter to start OpenIndiana on your computer. As it runs, you will be prompted with a few questions.
  • You should eventually be presented with a desktop. You can use the Device Driver Utility to check if your hardware requires additional drivers.
  • Click on Install OpenIndiana to permanently install OpenIndiana on your computer.

If you do not see a menu after booting your computer with the DVD or USB stick, and instead see some text and a "grub>" prompt, there may be an error in your copy of the installer.

If you see a "login:" prompt after selecting your keyboard and language and no desktop appears after several seconds, there may be a problem with the drivers for your graphics hardware. Please let us know if this happens.

The login for the text session is username jack, password jack. The installer is graphical and requires X11, although it is possible to use it over a network with SSH X forwarding if you enable SSH.

Upgrading from OpenSolaris

Our package repository was experiencing availability problems shortly after launch caused by the content distribution network that caches downloads. We believe we have resolved these problems.

You can upgrade an existing (x86) OpenSolaris system to OpenIndiana.
From the command line:

pfexec pkg set-publisher --non-sticky
pfexec pkg set-publisher -p
pfexec pkg set-publisher -P
pfexec pkg uninstall entire
pfexec pkg image-update

This will add OpenIndiana as a new boot environment (BE). You will still be able to use your previous OpenSolaris system until you remove the OpenSolaris BE or upgrade the ZFS pool to a newer version.

Use the -P parameter to set the preferred publisher, otherwise pkg will check the publisher's repositories for packages first, and will report that there are no updates available when using image-update.

Please don't remove (unset) the publisher at this time. Not all of the software has updates in

In order to upgrade, you should be running OpenSolaris build 134 (snv_134), the last development release published by Oracle.

Upgrading from later builds will NOT work.

To upgrade from OpenSolaris 2009.06 (snv_111) to snv_134, you can use the following commands:

Please read the release notes first before proceeding!

pfexec pkg install SUNWipkg SUNWipkg-um SUNWipkg-gui
pfexec pkg set-publisher -O
pfexec pkg image-update

This uses the OpenIndiana snapshot of the OpenSolaris snv_134 dev repository. Once complete you can boot into the new snv_134 boot environment (BE) and upgrade to OpenIndiana.

Diagnosing image-update

The following script can be run to help determine why image-update does nothing OR fails to update as many packages as you expect.

pfexec pkg install --no-refresh -nv \
pkg:/entire@@0.5.11,5.11-0.147:20100914T030830Z \
pkg:/consolidation/X/X-incorporation@0.5.11,5.11-0.148:20100914T034322Z \
pkg:/consolidation/gnome/gnome-incorporation@0.5.11,5.11-0.147:20100914T030830Z \
pkg:/consolidation/gnome_l10n/gnome_l10n-incorporation@0.5.11,5.11-0.147:20100914T030830Z \
pkg:/consolidation/install/install-incorporation@0.5.11,5.11-0.147:20100914T034326Z \
pkg:/consolidation/ips/ips-incorporation@0.5.11,5.11-0.147:20100914T034329Z \
pkg:/consolidation/osnet/osnet-incorporation@0.5.11,5.11-0.148:20100914T034332Z \
pkg:/consolidation/sfw/sfw-incorporation@0.5.11,5.11-0.147:20100914T030830Z \
pkg:/consolidation/solaris_re/solaris_re-incorporation@0.5.11,5.11-0.147:20100914T034340Z \
pkg:/consolidation/xvm/xvm-incorporation@0.5.11,5.11-0.147:20100914T030830Z \

The output may be HUGE and CONVOLUTED so redirect to a file.

You are looking for two strings in the output



Something which depends on a pkg since renamed might look like this..

incorporate: SUNWphp52-pgsql@5.2.12-0.146

Requires one of: pkg://,5.11-0.146:20100813T052503Z (OBSOLETE and incompatible with installed pkgs: pkg://,5.11-0.111:20090508T164640Z

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